Fast Non-Iterative PCA Computation for Spectral Image Analysis Using GPU

Jukka Antikainen, Markku Hauta-Kasari, Timo Jääskeläinen,
Jussi Parkkinen
University of Eastern Finland, Finland
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In this study, we implement a fast non-iterative Principal Component Analysis computation for spectral image analysis by utilizing Graphical Processing Unit GPU. PCA inner product computation efficiency between Central Processing Unit CPU and GPU was examined. Performance was tested by using spectral images with different dimensions and different PCA inner product image counts. It will be shown that the GPU implementation provides about seven times faster PCA computation than the optimized CPU ©2010 Society for Imaging xxx Science and Technology version. Difference to the commonly used scientific analysis software Matlab is even higher. When spectral image analysis is needed to make in real-time, CPU does not offer the necessary performance for larger spectral images. Therefore, powerful GPU implementation is needed.